Turkey is the world’s 15th and Europe’s 7th largest economy. It is the EU’s fifth largest export and seventh largest import partner; a nonpermanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a G-20 founding member, and current holder of the post of Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference. Turkey’s potential is vast: The OECD predicts that Turkey will overtake India as the second fastest growing economy by 2017 and will be the second-largest economy in Europe by 2050. Turkey occupies a key position as not only a hub, but also indeed a central player in ensuring the energy security of the whole of the EU. Is it though so? Can Turkey ensure the energy security of the EU? Can Turkey be “entrusted” with the energy security of the EU?